Case Study 4: Media and Journalism

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Background: The Schulerstrasse in Vienna's first district, popularly known as Zeitungsgasse, was the street with the highest media presence in Vienna at the end of the 19th century and thus the Habsburg monarchy. The legislation of 1862/1863 led to a post neo-absolutistic era and therefore a legal basis for the press. It provided stabilization for an emerging industry, which had  to face censorship and massive restrictions. On the basis of emerging infrastructures and media - for example the rotary press, the typesetting machines, the telegraph and the telephone - editorial offices and its professions arose. This case study takes a particular look at the emerging profession of the journalist, the concrete practices as well as the effects of their work and their sphere of influence.